考研英语“名词+to do”与“名词+介词+doing”

考研英语“名词+to do”与“名词+介词+doing”

  考研英语部分,打好基础,做好提高练习,才能够真正的提升英语水平,辅助我们在考试中有更好的发挥。小编为考生整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  一、名词+to do

  有些名词,其后的修饰语一般用to do。这些名词有:ability, agreement, ambition, anxiety, curiosity,
disposition, mind, obligation, permission, refusal, reluctance, temptation,
tendency和wish等。

  They have no ability to win the game. 他们没能力赢得这场比赛。

  We have signed an agreement to rent the house. 我们已签下了租房协议。

  She is under no obligation to buy anything for him. 她没必要给他买东西。

  Wood has a tendency to swell if it gets wet. 木材遇潮易胀。

  二、名词+介词+doing

  有些名词,其后通常接“介词+-ing分词”作后置修饰语,而一般不接to do,例如:aptitude, delay, difficulty,
excuse, experience, interest, genius, habit, hope, idea, method, movie, object,
passion, plan, possibility, skill和success。

  The little boy has a great aptitude for finding something new.
这个小男孩有发现新奇事物的才能。

  Miss Yang has much experience in teaching English. 杨老师在英语教学方面经验丰富。

  He has little hope of passing the exam. 他没有希望通过考试。

  We must improve the method of teaching English. 我们必须改善英语教学的方法。

  三、“名词+to do”和“名词+介词+doing”

  除了以上两种情况所介绍的名词外,还有一些名词,后面接“名词+to
do”和“名词+介词+doing”两种形式皆可以,意义上也无区别。如:attempt, chance, effort, freedom, intention,
necessity, opportunity, reason, time和way。

  Although they had made an effort to finish the task, they failed at
last.

  =Although they had made an effort at finishing the task, they failed at
last.

  尽管他们已尽力完成任务,最终还是失败了。

  There is no necessity to buy so many things.

  =There is no necessity of buying so many things. 没必要买这么多东西。

  I hope that I can have the opportunity to speak to you alone.

  =I hope that I can have the opportunity of speaking to you alone.

  我希望可以有机会跟你单独聊聊。

  以上就是为大家整理的“考研英语“名词+to do”与“名词+介词+doing””,更多精彩内容敬请关注本频道的持续更新!

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考研英语“名词+to do”与“名词+介词+doing”

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